Research programme (2014–2018) on municipal reforms so far implemented, and to be implemented, in Finnish municipalities

ARTTU2 Research Programme


The ARTTU2 Research Programme examines the impact on municipalities and municipal residents of the changes brought about by past and future municipal reforms. The research programme, coordinated by the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities, began in late 2014 and is set to continue until early spring 2018. Forty municipalities of different size and type across Finland are participating in the programme.

ARTTU2 is a follow-up to a similar programme conducted between 2008 and 2012 evaluating the restructuring of municipalities and services (the so-called PARAS reform). ARTTU2 produces systematic and comparable research information on the impacts of two kinds of reforms: reforms targeting municipalities and reforms implemented by the municipalities themselves. The programme examines the impact of these reforms on local government services and management, local democracy, municipal finances as well as the urban structure and municipal vitality and viability.

The research programme consists of several sub-projects, scheduled to be carried out between 2014 and 2017. Each sub-project has its own timetable and clearly defined tasks.

The research programme is financed by the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities, the municipalities participating in the programme, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health and other ministries. Finnish universities participate in the implementation of the sub-projects.

The municipalities participating in the research

Forty municipalities across Finland, differing by type and size, are participating in the ARTTU2 programme. The municipalities are: Askola, Espoo, Hattula, Hirvensalmi, Hollola, Hämeenlinna, Inari, Jyväskylä, Kankaanpää, Keitele, Kemiönsaari, Keuruu, Kokkola, Kotka, Kurikka, Kuusamo, Lappeenranta, Lempäälä, Liperi, Mikkeli, Mustasaari, Nivala, Oulu, Paltamo, Parkano, Petäjävesi, Pudasjärvi, Raasepori, Raisio, Rautalampi, Salo, Sipoo, Säkylä, Tampere, Tornio, Turku, Vaasa, Vantaa, Vimpeli and Vöyri.