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European Committee of the Regions

European Committee of the Regions

Established in 1994, the European Committee of the Regions (CoR) participates in the EU’s legislative process by issuing opinions on affairs handled by the European Commission, Council and Parliament. The CoR brings the voice of local and regional authorities to EU decision-making. Its aim is to promote compliance with the principle of subsidiarity and strengthen territorial cohesion in EU Member States.

The CoR has 350 members and an equal number of alternates appointed for five-year terms of office. The current term started in February 2015.

The CoR’s Finnish delegation is composed of nine members and nine alternates. The CoR’s members are elected regional and local government representatives or politically accountable to an elected assembly. The CoR’s President is elected for a two-and-a-half-year term of office. The current President is Belgium’s Karl-Heinz Lambertz. First Vice-President Mr Markku Markkula is a member of Espoo City Council from Finland. He served as CoR’s President from February 2015 to July 2017.

The Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities acts as the secretariat for the CoR’s Finnish delegation.

Constituent bodies of the European Committee of the Regions

The CoR's bodies are the Bureau, the Plenary Assembly and six commissions.


The Bureau coordinates the CoR’s work, draws up the policy programme and decides on the preparation of draft opinions. The Bureau’s Finnish members are Ms Pauliina Haijanen and Mr Antti Liikkanen.

Plenary Assembly

The Plenary Assembly meets six times a year and it is attended by all CoR members. For the summaries of the CoR’s latest plenary sessions, please see here.


The CoR's work is organised in six commissions, which draw up draft opinions and organise conferences relating to their own area of responsibility.

Commission for Territorial Cohesion Policy and EU Budget (COTER):

Economic, social and territorial cohesion – Structural Funds – Spatial planning – Urban policy – Housing – Transport, e.g. Trans-European networks – Macro-regions – Territorial cooperation – Regional statistics and indicators – Annual EU budget – Multiannual financial framework – Local and regional finances.

The COTER commission’s Finnish members are Ms Pauliina Haijanen, Ms Anne Karjalainen and Mr Ossi Martikainen.

Commission for Economic Policy (ECON):

Industrial Policy – SME policy – Economic and Monetary Policy – Economic Governance, European Semester – Internal market – International Trade and Tariffs – Competition and State aid policy.

The ECON commission’s Finnish members are Mr Ilpo Haalisto, Mr Markku Markkula and Ms Satu Tietari

Commission for Social Policy, Education, Employment, Research and Culture (SEDEC):

Employment Policy – Social Policy and Social Protection – Mobility – Equal Opportunities – Education and Training – Innovation, Research and Technology – Digital Agenda – EU Information Society, including Trans-European ICT Networks – Audio-visual Industry and Media Technologies – Youth and Sport – Multilingualism and promotion of minority languages – Culture and cultural diversity.

The SEDEC commission’s Finnish members are Ms Anne Karjalainen, Ms Gun-Mari Lindholm and Mr Markku Markkula

Commission for Citizenship, Governance, Institutional Affairs and External Relations (CIVEX):

Freedom, Security and Justice – EU Charter of Fundamental Rights – Active Citizenship – European Communication Policy – Devolution – Constitutional Affairs – Multi-level Governance – Local and Regional Governance – Better law-making (including the reduction of administrative burden and regulatory fitness) – Subsidiarity and Proportionality – Immigration Policy, Asylum and Visas – External Relations Policy – Enlargement – Neighbourhood Policy – Eastern Partnership – EU Mediterranean Policy – Decentralised Cooperation for Development – Administrative external cooperation and capacity building –  International treaties and negotiations – International terrorism and border controls.

The CIVEX commission’s Finnish members are Ms Pauliina Haijanen, Ms Gun-Mari Lindholm and Mr Antti Liikkanen

Commission for Natural Resources (NAT):

Rural Development and CAP – Fisheries – Food production – Maritime policy – Public health – Consumer protection – Forestry – Civil protection – Tourism.

The NAT commission’s Finnish members are Mr Ilpo Haalisto, Ms Sirpa Hertell and Mr Ossi Martikainen

Commission for Environment, Climate Change and Energy (ENVE):

Climate change: adaptation and mitigation – Renewable energy –  Environment Policy – Trans-European networks in the energy sector – New energy policies –  Space policy for territorial development (Galileo, GMES/Kopernikus and related issues).

The ENVE commission’s Finnish members are Ms Sirpa Hertell, Mr Antti Liikkanen, and Ms Satu Tietari.

Commission for Financial and Administrative Affairs (CFAA):

The CFAA commission is responsible for CoR’s financial and administrative matters. Its Finnish member is Ms Satu Tietari.